National Parks & Wildlife Sanctuaries of India
National Parks & Wildlife Sanctuaries of India
India is a canvas of diverse landforms and forest types spread across the country. If the north is surrounded by the alpine forests of the Himalayas, the south is home to the tropical, sub-tropical and broadleaf forest of the Western Ghats. The east is the keeper to the riverine and grassland ecosystem and the protector of the largest mangrove forest in the world, whereas the west harbours thorny, open grassy meadows and dry deciduous forest types. Here is a list of forest reserves in India one should explore during their wilderness journeys.
1 Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary
Lying in the Himalayan Foothills of the Western Kameng District in Arunachal Pradesh, Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary is a prime birding hotspot due to its extraordinary variety of winged species dwelling int he region. The place first came into limelight after the discovery of Bugun Liocichla a new species in 2006. The dense thickets and large canopies of the forest pave the way to the perching ground of several rare birds including Grey Peacock, Blyth's Tragopan, Temminck's Tragopan, Beautiful Nuthatch, Ward's Trogon, Ibisbill, Black-necked crane, red-headed trogon, Red-faced Liocichla, Slender-billed Scimitar Babbler, etc. The Sanctuary is a stunning hermitage for the undisturbed birdlife of Northeast India.
2. Nagarhole National Park
Flanked between Kodagu district and Mysore district, Nagarhole National Park is one of the best wilderness gateways in Karnataka. The park served as the erstwhile hunting ground for the rulers of Mysore kingdom before transforming into a significant tiger reserve of India. Along with Bandipore National Park, Mudumalai National Park and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Nagarhole National Park forms a largest protected area in Southern part of India. Nagarhole National Park holds a special place amongst the nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts for its beautiful landscape rich in the jungle and pristine lakes that houses many rare and endangered species including Bengal Tigers, Asian Leopards, Indian Elephant, Four-horned Antelope, Indian Pangolin, Indian Giant Flying Squirrel, Greater Spotted Eagle, Lesser Adjutant, Nilgiri Wood Pigeon, Red-headed Vulture, Oriental White Ibis, Malabar Grey Hornbill etc.
3 Kaziranga National Park
Amid the vast expanse of tropical moist broadleaf forest, tall grassland and marshland of Assam lie Kaziranga National Park. The park rose to fame for providing safe haven to the critically endangered One-horned Rhinos. However, one can also have a feast unique wildlife that thrives in its undisturbed environ. Crisscrossed by Brahmaputra, Diphlu, Mora Diphlu, and Mora Dhansiri rivers, the place is a residence for a wide range of birds including Lesser Adjutant, Greater Adjutant, Baer's Pochard Duck, Blyth's Kingfisher, White-bellied Heron, Pallas's Fish Eagle, Eastern Imperial Eagle, Lesser kestrel, Great Indian Hornbill, Wreathed Hornbill, Indian White-rumped Vulture etc. Kaziranga also gives wonderful opportunity to marvel at rare and critically endangered mammals such as Wild Water Buffalos, EasternSwamp Deer, Asian Elephant, Bengal Tiger, Asian Leopard, Chinese Pangolin, Golden Langur and Gangetic Dolphins.
Kaziranga National Park is one of India's prized possession and a perfect destination to unleash one's passion for a wilderness excursion.
Popular amongst the wildlife enthusiasts as the land of vanishing islands, Sundarbans National Park is the largest estuarine mangrove forest in the world peacefully sitting on the south-west region of West Bengal. The national park is world-renowned for being a significant turf for the fabled Bengal Tiger along with other rare species including Saltwater Crocodile, Fishing Cat, Olive Ridley Turtle, Hawksbill Turtle, Gangetic Dolphins, Irrawaddy Dolphins, Mudskipper, Black-capped Kingfisher, White-bellied Sea Eagle, Peregrine Falcon, Northern Pintail, Whistling Teal etc. Unlike jeep safaris, boating is a perfect mode to penetrate through its unsullied landscape and demystify its wild terrain.
6 Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore National Park is a beautiful amalgamation of the laudable history and exuberant wildlife. While the deserted forts and ancient temples are echoing with the glorious civilization that existed in the past, the deciduous forest with grassy meadowland serves as a homeland for a wide range of species including Bengal Tiger, Asian Leopard, Striped Hyenas, Sloth Bear, Mugger Crocodile, Grey Langur, Indian Roller, Grey Hornbill, Asian Palm Swift, Sarus Crane, Painted Spurfowl etc. Interestingly the park was the hunting ground for the Maharajas before transforming into a wildlife sanctuary. Today the park is drawing worldwide attention for the beautiful wildlife teeming in the area 1,334 km².